If you are in the market to buy jewelry or especially diamonds then you want to know what you are looking for. There is a way to shop and find the best diamonds for you using the Kimberly Process Certification System.
Conflict Free Diamonds and the Kimberley Process Certification System: Changing the World in a Good Way
Diamonds are one of the most valued and sought-after gemstones in the world. Here are some commonly asked questions about this precious stone. Most people still think those sparkly gems are still “blood diamonds.” These are uncut diamonds which are mined from an area of conflict (mainly in Africa) and traded illegally to fund the fighting. The gem industry has taken the steps to turn a bad thing into a great thing by being morally, socially and financially responsible for where and how diamonds are produced today.
The Kimberley Process Certification System
In 2003, the global diamond industry implemented a zero tolerance policy towards “blood diamonds,” also known as conflict diamonds. It continues to be committed to eliminating the trade of blood diamonds and cutting off funding for violence and war. The Kimberley Process Certification System was created by the United Nations, governments and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) such as Partnership Africa Canada and Global Witness.
Like most systems, the Kimberley Process is not perfect, but it does go a long way to help by introducing third-party monitoring and verification to ensure companies are not trading illicit diamonds. Continuous improvements are being made to make it more effective.
Positive Social Changes
The diamond mining industry is also trying to make a positive social impact. For this to happen, mining practices need to be done in the most responsible way possible, with companies striving to minimize negative effects and maximize benefits to local communities.
African communities saw a glimmer of hope in 2009 when the world renowned De Beers Group of Companies launched the Zimele enterprise development initiative. The initiative – named after the Nguni word meaning to “stand on your own feet” – aims to achieve positive and lasting impact through the development of commercially viable and sustainable enterprises, to support job creation and promote the economic development of local communities.
Common Questions About Diamonds
Where do diamonds come from?
The top ten countries for diamonds are:
- The Democratic Republic of Congo
- South Africa
Are all diamonds white?
Not all diamonds are white. Because of impurities diamonds can be a number of other shades including orange, blue, red, pink, green and black. Green, blue and black are the rarest forms of diamond.
What is an ideal cut diamond?
This is a stone that has been cut to produce the maximum brilliance and fire.
How hard are diamonds?
Diamonds are the hardest natural substance found on earth and 58 times harder than the next hardest mineral which is corundum. They measure 10 on the Mohs hardness scale.
What is the refractive index of diamonds?
Diamond’s refractive index ranges from 2.4175–2.4178.
What is a diamond’s specific gravity?
The specific gravity of diamonds is 3.52. This measurement indicates the weight of the gemstone relative to the same volume of water.
Are all diamonds suitable for jewelry?
No. 80 percent of diamonds are not suitable for jewelry but they may be used in industry.
Are antique diamonds available?
Yes, there are many antique and vintage rings made with diamonds. You can find a wide range of antique diamond rings at http://gesner.com.
What is the world’s most famous diamond?
The Hope Diamond is probably the world’s most famous diamond. It is a blue diamond weighing over 45 carats and is set in a pendent encircled by sixteen white diamonds. The Hope diamond is renowned for the bad fortune it has brought to its owners and many believe it to be cursed. Throughout its history, many of its owners have met untimely ends. Today the Hope Diamond is resting safely in the Smithsonian Museum’s Hall of Geology, Gems, and Minerals behind three solid inches of bullet-proof glass.
Can diamonds be destroyed?
If a diamond is heated in an oven to a temperature of 1405 degrees Fahrenheit it will disappear without a trace of ash, after releasing only a small amount of carbon dioxide.
What are the most popular diamond shapes?
The round brilliant cut is the most popular but pear, marquise, heart and princess cuts are also favored.
What is a diamond facet?
A facet is a flat plane on the diamond that has been cut and polished.
Beware of fake diamonds. Always buy your stone from a reputable dealer and ask about the stone’s authenticity. Find out how to take proper care of your diamond so that it will not become damaged or lose its value after you have taken it home.
Have you heard of the Kimberly Process Certification System? What do you feel are the most important steps when finding a diamond?